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MEASURES OF WEIGHT AND AREA AMONG HIGHLAND TAJIKS (UPPER ZERAVSHAN) IN THE LATE XIX - EARLY XX CENTURIES

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Authors: Kholov Mahmudjon  Sharipovich,  candidate  of  physical  and mathematical  sciences,  chief scientific  employee  of  the  institute  of economics  and  demography  of  the  National  Academy  of Sciences  of Tajikistan, corresponding  member  of  the engineering  Academy  of  Tajikistan (Tajikistan, Dushanbe)

 

JOURNAL NUMBER: 1(74).    YEAR OF ISSUE: 2023.    LANGUAGE OF THE ARTICLETajik



ANNOTATION

The article is the first to review the measures of weight and area of ​​Tajiks in the mountain principalities of highland (Kishtud, Magiyan, Matcha, Falgar, Fon) in the end of XIX - beginning of XX centuries. It states that the population used local measures, which differed in size from the measures of large cities, such as Bukhara, Samarkand, Ura-Tyube with which trade was carried out. Measures of weight were at the same time measures of the sown area of ​​land, but there were also square measures of land (tanab). These measures were widely used in socio-economic relations, and completely satisfied the inhabitants of Highlands.

 

KEY WORDS

Highland, Kishtud, Magiyan, Matcha, Falgar, Fon, Upper Zeravshan, dirham, dunimser, kadok, man, miskal, nimkhurd, nimcha, pud, ser, tabak, tanab, sogu, choryak